Why vaccination of animals is important
Dimapur, April 26 (EMN): On the occasion of World Veterinary Day, which falls on April 27, Veterinary Hospital Kohima has shared important information that will enhance animal health through a statement.
The theme for this year’s World Veterinary Day is “Value of Vaccination.”
“Vaccination in livestock animals is important to reduce the chances of various diseases especially the bacterial and viral diseases in any farm. Prevalence of any diseases may affect the health of the animal and cause huge economic losses. For prevention of various diseases regular, timely and proper dosage of the vaccine is the most important measure,” read the statement from Veterinary Hospital Kohima.
“Vaccination involves exposing the animal to the antigen of the infectious agent. A vaccine may be regarded as suspensions of living or inactivated organisms used as an antigen in order to confer immunity. Vaccine is injected to the animal to stimulate their immune response which will protect them against natural infection with the organism from which the vaccine was derived,” it added.
There are two types of vaccine: 1) Live or attenuated vaccine; and 2) Killed or inactivated vaccine. According the statement from the hospital, some of the common livestock diseases that can be controlled by vaccination are:
– Classical Swine Fever (CSP) – pig
– Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) – pig, cattle, buffalo
– Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) – cattle, buffalo, goat, pig
– Black Quarter – cattle, goat
– Enterotoxaemia – goat
– Brucellosis – cattle, goat
When to vaccinate:
– Precise vaccination schedule to be followed; all livestock vaccination are carried out at the age of 2 – 3 months old except for brucellosis vaccine that is carried out for above 6 months old and to only female calves
– Date of vaccination to be properly noted down by the owner for future revaccination
– Animals to be vaccinated should be healthy and free from any diseased condition
– Animal to be de-wormed at least a week ahead of vaccination
– Vaccination should be done always during the cooler part of the day, i.e. early morning or late afternoon to avoid stress in animals.