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Views & Reviews

Foundation, failure of Naga political movement

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By EMN Updated: Jan 13, 2014 11:26 pm
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1. The political movement of Naga originally began with the formation of Naga Club in 1918 at Kohima
2. On 10th January 1929 Simon Commission stated that Nagas are not Indian and they should be left alone.
3. On 2nd February 1946 the Naga National Council (NNC) was formed
4. On 27th – 29th June 1947 the Naga delegates hold a talk with the Government of India regarding 9 (nine) Points memorandum May 1947 for 10 years Hyder Ali-Agreement.
5. Naga people declared Independence on this day the 14th August 1947 on the response of British Prime minister Churchill that if any nation or sub-nation wanted independence, they should declare to the world before 15th August 1947.
6. Since, Indian government opposed Naga Independence, Plebiscite was taken on May 16th 1951 and 99.9% of Nagas voted positively.
7. The people of Naga boycotted the first General Election of India in 1952
8. Naga armies took further steps i.e in 1953 use bullet to the Indian armies for the first time.
9. Attainment of statehood in 1963 and 16 point agreement gave a negative impact to the people of the Naga.
10. Even after the attainment of the statehood the Naga armies stand firmly for the cause of sovereignty. In 1973 General Kaito Sema led Naga armies forcibly surrendered to the Government of India.
11. In 1975 led by Mr.Kivi Yalie signed Shillong Accord which accepted Indian Constitution and resulted violent like rape, harassment, curfews making people suffer but some people of Naga didn’t low down their voice for independence.
12. The people of Naga was divided into two parts with the declaration of International boundary between Burma (Myammar) and India in 1972
13. Condemning Shillong Accord, gave birth to NSCN/GPRN in 1980 under the leadership of Isaac as Chairman, Vice Chairman S.S.Khaplang, General secretary T.H.Muivah and remained firmly for 8 years. Moreover, splitting of NSCN/GPRN are due to absence of cohesiveness among the leaders in 1988 thus formed NSCN(IM)
14. Splitting of NSCN on 7th June 2011-Khole-Kitovi group. Today’s factional group are as follows: NSCN-K,NSCN-IM,NSCN-Khole-Kitovi group, NNC, FGN, Accordist and Non-accordist.
Will all these arises of faction be a solution to the Nagas ? It can be only if we undoubtly unite together irrespective of tribes, forgiving each other etc. It is hereby also suggested to all NGOs ,Ministers, MLAs, Scholars, Missionaries, Tribal leaders and so on should interestingly take initiatively for Naga sovereignty as a whole without distinction.
God bless Nagaland!

A Langkhuh Konyak,
Dy.Kilonser, NSCN (Khaplang)

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By EMN Updated: Jan 13, 2014 11:26:55 pm