Constitute Human Rights Commission: IHRO
Dimapur, January 25
While condemning the murder of a non-local businessman namely Helal Uddin on January 20 at Naga Bazar, Kohima, inside his shop by unidentified miscreant and the adduction and torture of a woman on January 17, the International Human Rights Organization (IHRO), has made a strong appealed the government to constitute “State Human Rights Commission” in the State. President IHRO, Kezhokhoto Savi, said that within the last three weeks, time several lives mostly innocent ones have been lost not as ‘natural death’ but a clear case of murder and killing in the highest manner of human rights violation.
He said Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 is an Act to provide for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commission in State and Human Rights Courts for better protection of human rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. For the purpose of providing speedy trial of offences arising out of violation of human rights, he has suggested the State government, with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of the High Court by notification, to specify for each district a Court of Session to be a Human Rights Court to try the said offences.
He also suggested that for every Human Rights Court, the State Government should, by notification, specify a Public Prosecutor or appoint an advocate who has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years, as a Special Public Prosecutor for the purpose of conducting cases in that court.
He made a mention of the National Human Rights Commission which was constituted in October 1993 under the Human Rights Ordinance of September 28, 1993, which was soon after enacted as the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. Functions of the Commission are: (a) Inquire, on its own initiative or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any persons on his behalf, into complaints at: – (i) Violation of human rights or abetment thereof, or (ii) negligence in the prevention of such violation, by a public servant. (b) Intervene in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court with the approval of such court. (c) Review the safeguards provided by or under the constitution of any law for the time being in force for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.
Human rights are man’s natural rights and natural rights are created by natural law, he said and added that Natural rights are “Rights with which mankind is supposedly endowed by nature, such as, the right to life, liberty, security and the pursuit of happiness.” Human rights are based on mankind’s increasing demand for a decent civilized life in which the inherent dignity of each human being is well respected and protected. Human rights are fundamental to our every existence without which we cannot live as human beings, he added.