Covid-19 Prevention and management in Children (for Parents / Care giver) - Eastern Mirror
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Covid-19 Prevention and management in Children (for Parents / Care giver)

By EMN Updated: Oct 02, 2021 12:06 am

The ongoing wave of Covid-19 is slowly infection children below 18 years although not severe. However, with new variants of the Virus one cannot estimate the severity of the infection in the coming days.  Till a vaccine is developed for children below 18 years of age parents should take all the Covid-19 precautionary measures for their children. Here are some steps for parents/ care giver to prevent and manage Covid-19 in Children

  1. What should parents/ Care giver do?
  2. Teach children more than 2 years to wash hand with soap and water for 20 second, maintain distance of 6 feet from others and limit in-person playtime.
  3. Continue Breastfeeding of Children under 2 years by following Covid appropriate Behaviour
  4. If child is more than 5 years, teach them to always wear mask while going out.
  5. Clean  commonly touched places, toys at least once a day with 1% sodium hypochlorite.
  6. Engage child in indoor physical and learning activities as much as possible.
  7. When to suspect Covid in Children?

Symptoms are similar in adults and children- Fever or Chills, cough, Nasal congestion or running nose, loss of taste or smell, shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing, diarrhea and poor appetite.

  • Take extra care if your child has any of the following.
  • Malnutrition, disability, Conditions such as HIV, underlying cardiac, liver, kidney problem.
  • Who can be treated at home Isolation?
  • Asymptomatic or children with mild symptoms like sore throat; cough can be managed at home.
  • Care of children under home isolation.
  • Don’t panic, majority of cases can be easily managed at home if detected early.
  • Inform ASHA/other functionaries in your areas.
  • Keep the child in a well- ventilated room.
  • Children less than 5 years should be accompanied by mother or caretaker during isolation.
  • If home isolation is not possible take the child to the nearest Covid Care Centre.
  • Monitor the child by:
  • Counting respiratory rate 2-3 times a day.
  • Looking for chest in drawing.
  • Looking for bluish discoloration of skin.
  • Checking body parts to ascertain if it is extremely cold.
  • Checking Oxygen saturation and body temperature 4th hourly.
  • Fluid intake in 24 hours. Feeding intake and maintaining feeding chart
  • Activity level
  • Symptomatic Management of Home isolated children
  • For Fever:  Paracetamol 10-15mg/kg/dose can be given in 4-6 hours interval.
  • For Cough: In older children gargle with salt water can be performed.
  • Fluid & Feeds: Ensure oral fluid to maintain hydration.
  • Antibiotics: Not  indicated
  • What should be done if there is a sick adult at home?
  • Self –isolate in a room with adequate ventilation.
  • Stay as far as possible from children.
  • Always wear triple ply mask or N95.
  • Use separate dish, towels etc and clean separately.
  • Self –monitor for danger signs, socialize with friends and family through phone or video calls.
  • Take plenty of fluids.
  • Consult doctor immediately if any of the following is present.
  • Respiratory rate more than-

≥60/min in children 0-2 months of age.

≥50/min in children 2-12 months of age.

≥ 40/min in children 1-5 years of age.

≥ 30/min in children > 5 years of age.

  • Urine output less than 0.5 to 1.5 cc/ kg/hour
  • Oxygen saturation below 94%
  • Temperature more than 100.4 F
  • Inadequate feeding / fluid intake.
  • Physically inactive.
  • Chest in drawing, cold extremities, bluish discoloration of body.
  • Skin rashes, redness & Swelling of lips, tongue, hand & feet.
  • In case of moderate or severe symptoms :

Children with rapid breathing/ difficulty breathing/ SPO2<94 should, be referred immediately to the nearest Dedicated Covid Health centre or secondary hospital after consulting with the nearest Hospital.

Always consult a medical practitioner before any medicine is administered.

For more information call toll free- 1800-345-0019/ National- 1705

If there are symptoms of Covid-19, get tested.  After negative self test, if symptoms still persist, get confirmatory test done through RT-PCR or TruNat

Always follow the precautionary measures of Wear a Mask, Washing Hands Frequently, Maintaining Social Distance and do not go out of the house un-necessarily.

 Vaccine is the only way to protect ourselves and our loved ones

Issued by Department of Health & Family Welfare

Government of Nagaland

By EMN Updated: Oct 02, 2021 12:06:40 am